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高占用车道对拥堵、蔓延、能源使用和碳排放的一般均衡效应

地方科学。 三月6,2019

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已推广高占用车辆 (HOV) 车道,以鼓励拼车、减少交通拥堵并改善空气质量。 在部分均衡水平上,与三个单独司机相比,每辆车三个工人通勤明显减少了高速公路拥堵,降低了碳排放,并节省了能源。 本文开发了一个数值城市模拟模型,以生成 HOV 车道对城市空间结构、能源使用和温室气体排放的一般平衡效应。 主要研究结果是,虽然 HOV 车道减少了交通拥堵并改善了福利,但交通成本的下降导致城市扩张,从而导致更高的住宅能源使用和更大的碳足迹。 总体而言,HOV车道政策对总能耗和碳排放影响不大。 这是另一个一般均衡效应逆转城市政策的部分均衡效应的经典案例。 相比之下,汽油税政策可以减少城市扩张,但在降低能源消耗和碳排放方面效果较差。 征收拥堵费是减少交通拥堵、节约能源和降低碳排放的更有效工具。

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