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阳光与文化

经济行为与组织杂志。 六月23,2021

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个人主义与集体主义文化二分法对经济结果的影响已在文献中得到广泛认可。 我们提出并检验了以下假设:位于长期暴露于更多紫外线辐射(UV-R;阳光)的地区的个人和人群表现出更大程度的集体主义。 我们使用来自世界价值观调查的数据提供个人层面的证据,使用来自标准跨文化样本的数据来自前工业社会的证据以及跨国调查结果。 我们建议该机制通过眼病白内障起作用。 暴露于较高量 UV-R 的人群白内障发病率较高。 患眼病的可能性越大,不确定性规避和风险规避的程度越高,亲密家庭或村庄纽带的重要性越高,促进了集体主义的出现。 这提供了一种针对与视力不佳和失明相关的收入冲击的保险机制。 此外,人类倾向于将失明等残疾视为与病原体威胁相关的积极可能性,从而导致较少的外群体互动和更大的集体主义。 经验证据支持这种机制。

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