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自动驾驶汽车和城市:对扩张、能源消耗和住房负担能力的影响

赵卫华,博士 拉尔森,W.
区域科学与城市经济学。 三月31,2020

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我们采用经典的单中心城市模型来考虑与自动驾驶汽车 (AV) 可能广泛采用相关的三个主要主题:蔓延、能源消耗和住房负担能力。 自动驾驶汽车的建模旨在降低边际通勤成本,在某些情况下,还可以减少对中心城市和住宅停车位的需求。 这会产生相反的力量,导致某些模型的蔓延和其他模型的密度增加。 所有模型都指向福利增加,但由于通勤时间更长、交通拥堵更严重和生产力更高,能源消耗也会增加,这对自动驾驶汽车将节省能源的说法提出质疑。 在大多数车型中,自动驾驶汽车通过使郊区更容易进入,并通过开垦以前用于停车的土地来提高住房负担能力。 自动驾驶汽车对城市的影响是巨大的,并且取决于实施这项新技术的方式。

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