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垄断资本与创新:对研发有效性的探索性评估

国际应用经济学评论。 十月1,2018

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该研究报告对垄断资本思想流派进行了有限的实证评估,认为美国的大多数研发(R&D)努力都“浪费”在了宏观经济层面,因为随着R&D成功地吸收了少量的过剩经济盈余,它是由资本主义制度所产生的,仍然未能产生许多具有变革性质的创新。 总体而言,加大研发力度与提高工人生产率和生活水平相关联,这是主流经济学理论和文献所预期的。 然而,在创造就业机会,建立新公司和进行净业务投资方面的研发工作显示出喜忧参半甚至是消极联系。 本文对Baran和Sweezy关于R&D的观点的许多方面提供了初步的经验支持,这些发现也暗示R&D在垄断资本体系中被用来进一步垄断。 本说明的发现也可能有助于解释过去几十年来生产力的提高和创新可能不会使普通工人或小型企业受益。

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