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社会福祉与商业利润最大化之间的不一致:纽约出租车司机激励制度的案例

Andrew S. Manikas博士 克罗斯,JR Gattiker,TF
社会经济规划科学。 八月9,2018

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企业可持续发展努力的目标通常包括提高消费者安全,减少资源消耗和减少污染。 尽管在实现这些目标方面存在社会利益,但企业和其他经济主体往往在与这些目标背道而驰的激励结构下运作。 出租车司机是经济独立人士。 他们的收入取决于他们的票价和小费。 此外,他们选择工作多少小时,开车速度以及走哪条路线。 使用来自2013的纽约市出租车数据,我们测试了驾驶员的收入最大化行为与利益相关者重视的安全,保护和污染相关结果之间的一致性水平。 我们发现实质性的错位 - 即,为了最大化收入,驾驶员采取低效率的路线并超过速度限制,从而降低安全性,增加燃料消耗并增加空气污染。 基于这些实证结果,我们建议将社会目标与收入最大化出租车司机的方法结合起来。

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