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个人主义,支持市场的机构和国家创新

Daniel Bennett博士 尼古拉耶夫B.
小企业经济学。 九月19,2020

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先前的研究表明,正式机构(例如,亲市场机构)和非正式机构(例如,个人主义文化价值观)都是创新的关键驱动力。 但是,大多数研究都考虑了正规或非正式机构的独立作用。 通过探索非正式制度(由霍夫斯泰德的个人主义-集体主义指数衡量)与正式制度(由世界经济自由指数(即,亲市场制度)衡量)之间的潜在相互作用,我们为文学中的这一差距做出了贡献。 使用84个国家/地区的不同样本的横截面数据,我们发现个人主义和亲市场机构都与创新成正相关。 但是,亲市场机构促进创新的程度在很大程度上取决于一个国家的个人主义程度,反之亦然。 例如,更多的个人主义国家倾向于更具创新性,但是当他们的正式制度环境缺乏市场支持时,即使是大多数个人主义国家也具有低于平均水平的创新。 同时,我们的发现表明,最具创新力的国家往往既拥有强大的促市场机制,又具有个人主义的文化价值。

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