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雇主赞助的健康保险和性别工资差距

南方经济学报。 十二月1,2018

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在美国,女性工人的医疗支出往往高于男性工人。 由于获得额定保费的经验,因此提供雇主赞助的健康保险(ESI)的成本因性别而异。 本文探讨了成本差异是否会导致性别工资差距。 鉴定来自“平价医疗法案”雇主授权所提供的外生变异。 估算使用差异框架与医疗支出专家组调查的数据。 调查结果表明,归因于ESI的性别工资差距部分小于文献中的现有估计,并且一旦将个人医疗费用作为对照,统计上没有差别为零。 此外,该文章的经验方法强调,关于ESI在性别工资差距中的作用的现有工作并未单独确定ESI与合理替代方案的影响。

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