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解决外部性问题:外部因素税收补贴提案

Thomas E. Lambert,博士 杰伊比克斯
欧洲可持续发展研究杂志。 三月1,2018

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大自然正在失去对资本主义的战争,需要我们以一种看似违反直觉的方式来防御。 我们,人类,我们的做事方式和自然过程遵循他们自己的课程,往往明显陌生我们的倾向。 我们的现代商业实践是短期设计的,以自我为中心,趋于精确,不可避免地导致环境破坏。 另一方面,自然过程是长期的,是慷慨的,非常不精确的,并且几乎总是导致繁荣的生态系统。 虽然人类主要产生负外部性,但自然界几乎完全产生正外部性或根本没有外部性。 本文讨论了一种方法,既可以利用消极和积极的人为外部因素来鼓励“良好消费”,也可以为了自然生态系统,人类社会,家庭单位和子孙后代的利益而阻止“不良消费”。

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