Sarker, S., Ahuja, Manju, & Sarker, S. (in press). Work–life conflict of globally distributed software development personnel: An empirical investigation using border theory. Information Systems Research. doi:10.1287/isre.2017.0734
While a key motivation for globally distributed software development (GDSD) is to harness appropriate human capital, ironically, scant attention has been paid to addressing the human resource management issues faced by information technology (IT) professionals involved in this context. One particularly challenging human resource issue is that of work-life conflict (WLC) of the IT professionals involved in GDSD, who routinely experience overlaps and conflicts between their work and personal life domains. While WLC
concerns are relevant in almost any contemporary environment, the GDSD context adds several layers of challenges arising from issues such as time differences, requirements instability, and the use of certain systems development methodologies. Recent research indicates that WLC issues go beyond individual concerns and are of strategic importance for talent retention. To develop a deeper understanding of these recognized challenges, we utilize Border Theory as a metatheoretical framework to develop and empirically test a model of organization-related and GDSD-related antecedents of WLC. In addition, we examine the impacts of WLC on job-related outcomes. Our study adopts a mixed-methods design, where an exploratory case along with a review of the literature is used to develop the research model. The model is then tested using a survey of 1,000 GDSD workers in three countries. We believe that our findings are not only of theoretical interest for the information systems discipline but also potentially helpful in improving the working conditions of the GDSD workforce.
Chao, Yong, Tan, G., Wong, A. C. L. (2018). All-units discounts as a partial foreclosure device. RAND Journal of Economics, 49(1), 155-180. doi:10.1111/1756-2171.12220
We investigate the strategic effects of all-units discounts (AUDs) used by a dominant firm in the presence of a capacity-constrained rival. Due to the limited capacity of the rival, the dominant firm has a captive portion of the buyer’s demand for the single product. As compared to linear pricing, the dominant firm can use AUDs to go beyond its captive portion by tying its captive demand with part of the competitive demand and partially foreclose its small rival. When the rival’s capacity level is well below relevant demand, AUDs reduce the buyer’s surplus.
Digan, Shaun Paul, Sahi, G. K., & Mantok, S., & Patel, P. C. (in press). Women’s perceived empowerment in entrepreneurial efforts: The role of bricolage and psychological capital. Journal of Small Business Management. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12402
Women’s entrepreneurial empowerment—perceived competence, self-determination, and ability in managing a firm as an entrepreneur—is important to women’s entrepreneurship in developing countries. Drawing on a sample of 369 women entrepreneurs from small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in Gujarat, a western state in India, we find that women’s entrepreneurial empowerment is positively associated with firm revenues. Gains from empowerment could be further enhanced for women entrepreneurs managing resource constraints—through bricolage—and meeting the challenges of self-employment—through psychological capital. The present study contributes to the literature on women’s entrepreneurial empowerment and SME performance. Women’s empowerment and the bolstering effects of bricolage and psychological capital could help government agencies and non-government organizations devise programs and policies to improve the performance of women-owned SMEs in developing countries.
Ang, J. B., Fredriksson, Per G. (in press). State history, legal adaptability, and financial development. Journal of Banking & Finance. doi:10.1016/j.jbankfin.2018.02.009
A country’s cumulative experience with statehood influences its ability to consolidate power and create a capable bureaucracy. Longer statehood experience gives countries more time to adapt their laws to local needs, provided the legal system is adaptable. We find that, relative to British common law countries with the most flexible laws, German and Scandinavian civil law countries initially exhibit lower financial development. However, as their history of statehood grows longer, financial development improves in countries with adaptable laws such as the German and Scandinavian civil law countries. This is not the case in French civil law countries with more rigid legal systems. Our results mainly show no or at most a weakly negative effect of French civil law legal origin on financial development. We also explore how changes in stock market development over time, financial integration, and financial crisis are impacted by statehood experience, legal origins, and their interaction.
Chahal, H., Gupta, Mahesh, & Lonial, Subhash. (in press). Operational flexibility in hospitals: Scale development and validation. International Journal of Production Research. doi:10.1080/00207543.2018.1442941
The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate an operational flexibility construct that can serve as a general theory in operations management in the context of the hospital industry. The effects of management capability and competitive intensity on operational flexibility and performance relationships are also explored. We used data collected from a sample of 152 administrators of hospitals in the mid-west region of the USA and performed a systematic series of analyses. Following the transformation model, grounded in the fundamental and powerful concept of operations management, we develop a psychometrically validated, 11-item, three-dimensional (input, process, output) scale of operational flexibility (OF) construct for the hospital industry. As the degree of operational flexibility allowed in any transformation system is influenced by management capability, it is established as a complementary mediator in strengthening the OF-performance relationship in the presence of competitive intensity (i.e. moderator). The paper concludes with limitations and directions for future research.
Gupta, Mahesh, & Anderson, S. (in press). Throughput/inventory dollar-days: TOC-based measures for supply chain collaboration. International Journal of Production Research. doi:10.1080/00207543.2018.1444805
As the semiconductor industry moves away from vertical integration, performance measures play an increasingly important role to ensure effective collaboration. This paper demonstrates that the theory of constraints (TOC)-based measures, Throughput and Inventory Dollar-Days (T/IDD), induce autonomous supply chain (SC) links to function as a synergistic whole and thereby, improve the performance of the whole SC network significantly. We model an SC network of a well-known TOC case study using discrete event simulation and discuss managerial implications of these measures via a set of scenarios. The scenarios explain how these measures – without sharing sensitive financial data – allow members of an SC network to monitor both the effectiveness (TDD) and efficiency (IDD) of SC members and lead them to create win-win solutions following well-known TOC-based planning and control concepts. We conclude this paper by discussing some limitations of the proposed research and provide directions for future theoretical research.
Fyke, J., Trisler, B., & Lucas, Kristen (2018). A failure of courageous leadership: Sex, embarrassment, and (not) speaking up in the Penn State sexual abuse scandal. In J. Beggan & S. T. Allison (Eds.), Leadership and sexuality: Power, principles and processes (pp. 73-90). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
On November 4, 2011, news of what would become known as the “Penn State scandal” broke after a grand jury report was released that documented former Penn State football coach Jerry Sandusky’s sexual assault of at least eight young boys. The investigation into these horrific crimes led to the revelation that leaders of Penn State actively chose to conceal the abuse for fear of bad publicity. In this chapter, we foreground the intersection of sexuality and leadership in this case. To analyze the failed communication within this case, we provide a focal narrative reconstructed from grand jury testimony and the Freeh Report. We demonstrate how the topic of sexuality—along with its taboos in workplaces generally, but especially within locker rooms, athletics, and among authority figures—led to watered-down and vague conversations, thereby exposing a lack of courage.
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